In 1006, when Airlangga was sixteen, Sriwijaya retaliated against Medang for the attacks upon the Empire. Wurawari (an ally of Sriwijaya) burned Watugaluh Palace, and Dharmawangsa was killed in the battle, along with many of his subjects. Airlangga escaped into the jungle and became a hermit, accompanied by his guard, Narotama.
This painting is part of a series of two paintings (with #59). A set with the same design was exposed at the exhibition “Pameran Lukisan Kaca Sulasno”, which was held by Bentara Budaya Jogjakarta on 7-14 April 1993. A version without decorative leaves frame was exposed at the exhibition “Kaca-kaca Berlukisan Tradisi Jawa Tengah”, which was held by Bentara Budaya Jakarta on 1-5 September 1992.