Collection Number 2
Title Bima Perang/Bhima’s Fight
Time 1944
Time Acquisition 1995
Place Jl. Pemuda 19, Muntilan, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia
Place of Acquisition From painter, Muntilan, Central Java, Indonesia
Name Painter (Place and Year of Birth-Death)
Maryono (Muntilan 1938-2012)
Size 61cm x 52cm
Current Location Palermo, Italy (Home)
Description This painting portrays Bima (Bhima), a hero of the epic Mahabharata, who is often portrayed in glass paintings. He is the second child of the five Pandawa brothers and is described as fierce and very strong, with big appearance, but good-hearted.

Here the fights that Bima encountered during his journey in the wayang (shadow puppets) play “Bima Suci” (or “Bhima The Pure”) are portrayed. This chronicle tells the adventures of Bima for carrying out the mandate from his teacher, Durna. Bima must dive into the ocean to find the Parwita (pure) water (a symbol of purity and self- authenticity) in the bottom of the ocean representing eternal forgiveness. At first, Bima’s mission is resisted by his family. His mother, Kunti, and the other Pandawa brothers want to protect him and assume, Durna’s command is nonsense.

However, Bima follows the mandate and strives to get rid of all hazards and barriers fighting with various animals on the way. Finally, he manages to dive into the ocean where he meets Dewa Ruci, the god of all gods. Bima is ordered to enter Dewa Ruci’s small body, so he can realize that the authenticity/God actually exist inside each human being.

Dewa Ruci shows the four primary colours of human (according to Javanese mysticism): red, yellow, black, and white. Those colours liken the elements of the world and of the human body. To achieve authenticity, every human should control the mundane appetence. (symbolized by red, yellow, and black) and accentuate the white one as a symbol of purity and peace of mind. Anyone who could do it, will taste the perfect life, “the unity of creature with The Creator” or of the micro-cosmos with the macro-cosmos.

Various documents view the “Bima Suci” saga as the trail of Sunan Kalijaga, the most famous of the Wali songo (nine propagators of Islam in Java in the 14th century considered sacred/’saints’) incarnating his spiritual experience in wayang, or shadow puppets performance.

(Quoted and adapted from

The painter Maryono is the younger brother of Sastrogambar –another well-known painter of glass paintings.