Collection Number 60
Title Batara Guru
Time 1995
Time Acquisition 1995
Place Klungkung, Bali, Indonesia
Place of Acquisition Nung Art Shop, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia
Name Painter (Place and Year of Birth-Death) Unknown
Size 85cm x 65cm
Category (Sub-Category) Epics
Current Location Vietnam Museum of Ethnology (VME) Permanent Exhibition “Indonesian Glass Paintings: The Collection of O‘ong Maryono and Rosalia Sciortino” Link: tranh-kinh-indonesia-en-us/
Description The painting portrays Batara Guru (in white with 4 arms) in the Balinese version of wayang kulit (shadow puppets). In the wayang kulit plays, the role of gods (batara, dewi, dewata) is very important. Goddess in local language is batar, dewati and the other synonym is hyang. They have their own kingdom where gods live. The supreme god is Batara Guru (teacher), he has full authority from Sang Hyang Wenang (power holder of all gods) to direct other gods to perform their duties, as well as to govern all kinds of life in the universe included life and fate of human beings. His other names are Sang Hyang Jagadnata (king of the universe) and Sang Hyang Girinata (king of mountains).